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Recursive Loop

NPR’s Kyle Gassiott reported on Friday, August 26, that Alabama recently joined several other states in requiring that students learn cursive writing in public schools.

Here we go again: non-educators interjecting their institutionalized pedagogical conservatism to education where it patently does not belong.

My fellow Seditionist, Dr. L. Robert Furman, and I have railed about this at conferences, keynotes, and on our video channel. I’m glad to see Dr. Thornton point out the fact I constantly come back to in these discussions: cursive writing, like so many other aspects of the traditional school experience, is an artifact of social conservatism imposed upon schools.

Cursive writing is, and ought to be, a thing of the past. If I started suggesting we should all learn how to scribe a clay tablet, or make papyrus, or cut quills, or write Cuneiform “so that the next generation won’t lose access to these important forms of communication” or “so that the next generation will be able to understand and experience literature and historic texts” or “so that the next generation will be able to sign their names,” everyone would rightly brand me bonkers.

But you start talking about a person’s childhood school experiences, and you’ve crossed from my craft and my profession of pedagogy, curricular design, child development, and education policy, and now you’re screwing with a person’s memories and feelings. I understand the nostalgia. I still have my first stuffed animal – his name is Cuddles, by the way – and I’d never give him up to anyone, for anything. I understand driving by your childhood home and pining for a memory even if that house doesn’t represent your best years. I remember the halls of my second elementary school with fondness even though I suffered through miserable teacher experiences many of the years I was there. There’s power in recollection and the mentality of the conservative doesn’t escape me.

But none of that has a place in crafting meaningful policy based on emergent research. None of that has a place in understanding what our children need to fulfill their potential in the future we empower them to craft and in which they will choose how to communicate.

Taken to its logical conclusion, attitudes like “cursive is critical” would have us all writing with quills, no matter how inefficient that was as compared to even a now-antiquated ball-point.

The same logic applies to what I consider the absurdist educational technology position that “touch typing” is a skill we need to explicitly teach in schools. These are all obsessions with method instead of outcome. I write about this in my first book on education, Insurrection: A Teacher Revolution in Defense of Children, in contrasting intent versus outcome. I may intend to teach a child to type, but if I only obsess over the method of touch typing and only ever correct finger placement and hand position, I miss the possibility that the student can achieve the goal – typing effectively and efficiently with high accuracy, low error incidence, and maximum speed – by using a method that differs from that being instructed.

Moreoever, let’s take a cue from the Teacher’s College Reading and Writing Program, and address one of my favorite topics, authenticity: The goal of quick, accurate typing isn’t typing. The goal is to eradicate barriers between emergent thought and internal concept, and the outside world. The faster and more effectively I can get information from my brain into digital language, the more I can do with both.

By the way, asking me to teach a child to use any particular style of handwriting format while I’m trying desperately to teach that child how to write and how to live and think as a writer, is a massive curricular overhead that saddles me instead of empowers me, as a teacher… and let’s not even get into the absurdity of asking a digital native kid to deal with that while learning the vastly more important skill of writing. If you conflate penmanship and writing, you’re proving my point that education is best left to the professionals.

Be nostalgic. Just be nostalgic over there. We’re busy learning over here.

If touch typing or a specific method of data entry or a particular form of writing – in this case, cursive – requires a significant investment of time and energy to learn and does not achieve a goal in an authentic context like “getting information down quickly so you don’t lose great thoughts,” it’s really missing the mark. Consequently, insisting that all students learn cursive presupposes their modality and skill, and if we’ve learned anything as professional educators, it’s that we ought not conflate one child with another or with some generic “thought” of children in general. Every kid deserves individual attention. If we accept that as a maxim, and I can demonstrate – which I’m happy to do, any time – that cursive writing is a barrier to my fluency, expression, communication, and language, then we must logically assume that cursive isn’t the best thing for every kid.

Let’s stop wasting time on nonsense for the sake of adult nostalgia. Go watch a Bogart film in your Ford Fairlane at the drive-in and leave teaching children to the professional educators. In the immortal words of Sweet Brown, “Ain’t nobody got time for that.”

Dr. Thornton, in the NPR report, said “Unbelievably, there were arguments that the fact that American kids couldn’t do cursive made us vulnerable to the Russian menace.” That’s not unbelievable to me. I absolutely believe that knuckleheads who think public school policy is a vehicle for their personal ax-grinding and lamentation about the bygone would conflate their fear of a changing world and discomfort with sociopolitical phenomena with what’s best for kids.

It happens all the time, and we radical pedagogues and revolutionaries have no patience whatsoever for interjection of such distraction and lay-opinion into policycraft.

If you want to write cursive, knock yourself out. I can still write my books, write this very blog post, communicate effectively, and make a real difference in my world in preventing the rise of infiltrating, inappropriate nostalgia without an outdated skill.

I’ll sign my name to that, and no, it isn’t a cursive signature.


As always, my opinions are my own and are in no way representative of any organization or entity, public or private.

The Seditionists: Binge Watch Edition

My buddy Rob Furman and I are well into Season 2 of The Seditionists, our video blog series tackling emergent and revolutionary issues in public education. It’s been a while since I reposted them here, so for the sake of all of our various audiences, here’s a “catch you up” series of videos to get you current with Season 2 of The Seditionists!

S1E9: Becoming a Future Ready Teacher

S1E10: Video Games

S1E11: Bring Back the Arts

S2E1: Gender-Neutral Bathrooms

S2E2: Your Child Will Not Be a Pro Athlete

S2E3: Teacher Evaluations

S2E4: Student Unions

S2E5: Communication

Policymakers: Play Pokémon Go, or Shut Up About It

If you haven’t played Pokémon Go, shut up about it.

I find direct language to be effective in starting this conversation, but honestly I do actually have something intelligent to say on the subject:

“I had no idea this was here!” “Oh my god, this thing is so cool! C’mere, read this!” “There’s art all over the place in this park!” The comments I’m hearing from kids as I walk around my neighborhood make me beam from ear-to-ear, because they demonstrate in the field what we radical pedagogues and educational technologists have expounded upon for years and years: virtual environments and augmented reality are the future of education, and people who aren’t paying attention to them are going to be way behind.


People have said for a few years now, “why are you still in Second Life? I didn’t think that was the cool thing anymore.” I’ve been able to say of late, “because I had established best practices in Minecraft before you knew it existed,” and now I can gladly say that I’ve been staying abreast of VE and AR since long before it was cool.

And folks, look around: it’s cool.
Pokémon Go is the best of geocaching meets Google Cardboard(-ish) meets virtual field trips, all within an authentic context: kids like the game. I’m forever trying to get people to understand that authentic contexts are not necessarily related to the traditional “gospel of the school-as-church” rhetoric of “productive member of society.

For me, my gateway to better algebra was EverQuest II, calculating hit points and analyzing the best armor and such. I had some lousy math teachers in high school (family members and some classmates concur) and if I’d had better ones who understood authentic context, someone would have seized upon my visual aptitude and taught me everything through geometry or an applied visual organizational framework. Nobody did that. My strengths and deficits as an individual learner were irrelevant to the stock lesson design. If one was good at math, one could do okay in that class, but if one didn’t learn the way the teacher taught, one was S.O.L. and I’m not referring to the “standards of learning.”

This is, I find, a pervasive attitude among traditionalists and conservative pedagogues. I was recently told by a teacher that “some kids just can’t learn math.” I pressed the point, and the teacher asked in reply, “didn’t you ever have any music students who weren’t talented in music?” I replied that certainly I had, yes, had students who were not naturally gifted in music performance. “How do you teach a kid like that?” was the reply.
I was, and am, appalled. You teach them. What else would one do? To do anything else is child abandonment, the ghettoization of an individual human child, rich with unique intellectual and neurobiological potential, to the wilderness of autodidacticism at best and psychoemotional isolation at worst. The way you reach children, talented or not, is through engagement, and engagement requires an authentic context. Engagement requires relevance. You cannot prattle at a child outside of that child’s universe and expect them to learn in a meaningful, retaining way. That’s lecturing, not teaching, and as I outline in my book Insurrection: A Teacher Revolution in Defense of Children, there is a profound difference between the two.

If we capitalize upon Pokémon Go as an authentic context, the sky’s the limit, and that has immediate progressive and radical pedagogical applications in every classroom nationwide. Anyplace any kid has this game or is even interested in it, there are lessons to be taught. I have yet to hear a single thoughtful counterargument to this position. All caveats of PG are caveats of any educational technology or outdoor experience, and PG gives us an opportunity to teach our kids the embedded literacies of safety, awareness, and social propriety within the context of the lesson.
Colonial Williamsburg has figured out that there is real engagement power in this platform, and allows connections between the desired instructional content and the child’s overarching authentic aim of game success.
The detracting voices I hear are, in my humblest (heehee) of professional opinions, squarely in the “get off my lawn” camp, the same tired lamentation about zombie children muttering and wandering into telephone poles, the moral decay of our society into a self-absorbed dystopia, and terror at the ogreish radiation bombarding kids’ brains from all that glowing technology horror. To put it more professionally, the protests seem to fall into three camps:

  • socialization,
  • freedom, and
  • screen time.

If you play Pokémon Go, Ingress, or are otherwise engaged in augmented reality, you already know these are absurd or ignorant complaints, but I’ll address them all the same, and do so initially by repeating my original point: If you think these things, you’re not playing the game, and if you’re not playing the game, you’re not going to stop thinking these things. Get out there and do it, for real, or shut up about it.

Firstly, as I outlined initially, the level of prosocial engagement I’m watching between friends and peer groups, strangers and disparate demographics alike is astonishing. I’m hearing teacher after teacher, parent after parent talk about how much more time families are spending together walking outside, how much fun they’re having exploring, how many discoveries they are making in their communities. People are finding, making, and keeping new friends already. There is a profound, immediate, observable benefit at work in augmented reality, as one would expect to find in a meaningful VE / AR experience. It’s also worth noting that I’m hearing the old “video games are bad for kids” bullcrap rearing its ugly head again, so lemme say this for the record: Kutner and Olson in 2008 found that higher rates of playing Mature-rated video games correlated to higher rates of anti-social behavior, but found no evidence of causation, and subsequent studies have repeatedly failed to find any such correlation. Top off the fact that your opponents in PG look like this…

…and I think we can put the whole “video games will rot your brain” nonsense directly to bed where it belongs especially where PG is concerned. Teaching through gaming is rightly on the rise because games have been repeatedly shown to be powerful learning platforms.

Secondly, the idea that kids are “all so entitled” and “just play games all day” and “don’t know the value of work” are profoundly ignorant of the nature of kids and games. Children will invest extraordinary energy and diligence into successful problem solving, critical thinking, pattern recognition, and interaction when playing games like Pokémon Go. The fact that kids have ready access to information is not a form of entitlement; it is the nature of a rapidly-changing world that is producing exponentially more information annually than it did before. (This is a basic feature of ubiquitous if oversimple Moore’s First Law: no one can keep up with the rapid rate of change and expansion facilitated by information technology, as its power essentially doubles ever two years, with intermittent punctuation.) Children are able to gravitate toward the natural human natural state – freedom, which I often term independence, though I fully understand that aloneness and independence are very different creatures – because they are increasingly disenthralled from dogmatic impositions of ideology, limitation of knowledge, and lacking access to methods of expression and exploration, thanks to the increasing availability of technology that allows access to those things. (Thanks in no small part to the effects of Moore’s Second Law: companies are spending more and making more technology cheaper for – and thereby more accessible to – individual users.) It is absolutely true that kids are retreating from forms of autocracy and control, because that’s what humans do. We naturally rebel against what we perceive as unfair or over-strong control, and teenagers are hardwired for this. We must recall that our species, which is some two hundred thousand years old or thereabouts, spent much of its history in a state of early death, meaning high school age kids were not that long ago becoming the founders of their own new family units. Consequently, there is some consensus that teenagers have a biological need to strike out on their own. Facilitating that need through exploration and self-determination is essential to their growth. In fact, Reyna and Farley at Cornell found in 2006 that teenagers have a powerful sense of risk and reward in a way many adults do not, which marries beautifully with the radical pedgaogue’s research-supported passion for trusting children within a scaffolded framework of safety and love.

It’s worth noting that there are some compelling studies that say that the so-called antisocial teenage rebellion meme results from increasing isolation because of adults imposing autocratic restrictions upon children at older and older ages. This flies directly in the face of everything we know about effective Vygotskyan scaffolding.

Thirdly, for the love of all that is green, I’ve had enough of people using the phrase “screen time” like it’s a bad thing. Again, this is right in the “get off my lawn” camp. I expect a cane to be shaken every time I hear it, rapidly followed by descriptions of walking uphill to school, both ways, with no shoes, in the snow, all the way from town with the horseless carriages clattering by. Beyond the fact that even the American Academy of Pediatrics has now officially said, for all intents and purposes, “our bad; screen time isn’t the thing after all,” there’s the absurd oversimplification of lacking variables in the argument: Some of the most important discoveries and creations of our time stem from the consistent use of screen-based technologies, from the discovery of the Higgs Boson to the composition of the smash hit musical Hamilton. The question is not one of “the amount of time” one spends using technology with a screen, but what one does with that time. I understand the concerns about plopping kids in front of inane flashing images instead of engaging with them; I’ve never advocated for that and I never will. But there are incredibly effective, immersive, critical thinking-inducing, problem-solving, creative, expressive, and yes entertaining ways to use technology with children of all ages. Augmented reality is absolutely one of those ways.

Am I advocating for turning your kids loose with PG and never thinking about it again? Of course not. We’re all aware that there are risks in the world, and of course we can teach our kids about those risks. What I am saying is that there is tremendous potential good in Pokémon Go, and what I’m seeing with very, very few exceptions is expression after expression of that potential actualizing in our communities and with our kids. I find it preposterous to build a castle of “NOPE,” especially based on these outmoded lamentation tropes, when one has not taken the time to engage with the technology one’s self.

I can think of a dozen ways to use PG in a classroom right this moment, and if you think I will not use every possible vehicle at my disposal to help any individual child learn, you are out of your mind. That’s my job. I’m a professional educational technologist, an avowed radical pedagogue who is ferociously dedicated to individualized child learning, and a kid’s individual needs and authentic self comes way way way before unsupported objections rooted in an intransigent lack of experience.

Now, if a person is a private citizen and is in the “get off my lawn” camp about PG, AR, VE, or any other such technology, so be it… But the moment one speaks about education, educational policy, or pedagogy, baby: you’re in my world now, and you had best be prepared with a robust counterpoint. Thus far, in all the debates in which I’ve engaged on this subject, absolutely zero of them have been compelling. They almost always return to, “well we’re going to have to agree to disagree, because I think it’s silly and I’m not letting my kid do it.”

That’s not a rationale; that’s a cowardly dodge from facts and the documentable, replicable experiences of thoughtful educational professionals, and no thinking person should accept any justification of pedagogy or educational policycraft that’s rooted in “because I think so.”

Consequently, I repeat: If you haven’t played Pokémon Go, shut up about it. The rest of us are busy trying to ensure that we’re engaging in best practices with the single most important technological advent of 2016 leading up to another school year.

I will not get off your pedagogical lawn.

It’s not your property.

It belongs to the kids, and there’s a Vaporeon in that yard!

(Also, go Team Mystic.)

My Smart Home Ecosystem

I’ve found myself talking about home automation quite a lot in the last day and a half, so I promised I’d blog about my ecosystem so others can benefit from the trial-and-error I experienced. I got started with home automation a couple of years ago when I got a Wemo Switch as a gift.

The Wemo itself is reliable enough, but controlled through the native Belkin App, can be a little slow. That said, it’s controllable locally through your WiFi network, or over the network from remote locations even via 3G/4G. I wanted to expand the function of my switches, and have a great deal more control. I also really wanted voice automation, and my friend and fellow Four Horseman member Terry Lowry (@TekkieTeacher)  introduced me to the Amazon Echo, which is now the heart of my smart home   ecosystem.

I say heart,  because it isn’t the brains, and has quite a ways to go before it can be. Alexa is a voice-controlled bluetooth speaker (of very good quality, I might add) with an onboard computer that allows it to do some wonderful things. You can ask Alexa the weather, driving times,  basic questions from Wikipedia, the works. But it is absolutely nowhere near Google Now insofar as its ability to search and answer simple comprehension and slightly-more-than-regurgitation answers.  It’s got a lot of growing up to do. That said, the home automation situation is pretty good, so it commands pretty much everything in my apartment.

First, let’s start with the easy stuff: On and off. For this, I have several WeMo switches as I mentioned above. I have one, for example, connected to my HEPA Air Filter, so “Alexa, air filter on” will start to clean the air immediately. It’s a basic on-off switch. I’ve got two that I’m not using at the moment, but I have that ability. The Echo controls WeMo switches natively, so no other intelligence is required in my ecosystem for this. The Alexa is the “hub” that drives WeMo products.

Let’s move on to more sophisticated: Dimming. I like to adjust light based on the light outside and my mood and the time of day and soforth. For this, we need a more intelligent dimmer, and often times, that means a hub.

The least sophisticated application is my nightstand. I had an Eiko-brand CFL. (I prefer 2700° white light, which is “warm white,” and more closely emulates the golden hue of incandescent lamps, so that’s what I had.)  I had this hooked up to  a Wemo Switch originally, but I wanted to dim it. For that, I obtained a Lutron Caséta Dimmer, which is explicitly and exclusively for lamp dimming:

The dimmer has two plugs (two-prong), one on either side, so you can plug in two devices, which will be simultaneously dimmed. (They’re not independent.) I also have a home-made LED lighting scheme around the underside of my bed, and along the back of my headboard. (It’s very cool, if I do say so myself.) I built it to be dimmable, so it was ready to go.

Note here: Compact Fluorescent Lamps are not, generally, dimmable. It dimmed, but made a terrible buzz because it wasn’t operating at proper voltage. Consequently, I swapped my CFL for a dimmable LED bulb.

Works great!

Lutron has its own app, of course, but as you’ve figured out, I don’t want app control: I want my Amazon Echo to control everything. This is where things can get complicated at home. The Lutron dimmer requires a hub, a piece of intelligent technology that sends and receives the actual commands related to any given smart home device. The Echo does not, in and of itself, have the ability to be the hub itself. However, the Echo does talk to a great many hubs. I shopped around for one I thought would talk to everything, and I landed on the Wink Hub.

This device is the “bridge” between the Echo and much of my ecosystem. I actually have it plugged in to the second plug my microwave uses, so it’s hidden away neatly in a cupboard.

Pairing things with the Wink Hub, using the Wink App, is  RIDICULOUSLY EASY. They have on-screen illustrations and step-by-step tutorials that even I’m impressed by, and you know me and step-by-step! I want to be told exactly what to do and how to do it! This is a great setup and very user-friendly with terrific support documentation.

A step up from these options is my kitchen lighting situation. I have halogen lamps in a light strip across the ceiling, and I wanted to dim those, too, but they were controlled by an in-wall switch. Have no fear: Lutron Caséta Dimmers come in in-wall flavor, too:

Now, I’ve owned two houses in my life, so I know a thing or two about basic electrical. If you’ve never done this, call a friend. It’s not hard, but you want the comfort and peace of mind to know you’re not going to electrocute yourself or burn your house down. I rent now, and wanted to be  very careful that I installed everything perfectly, and up to local code, so  do your homework. (And ask me questions if you like!) That said, this was a five-minute piece-of-cake installation, and the pairing was even quicker. BOOM: “Alexa, dim the kitchen to 40%.” “Okay,” she responds, and instantly it’s done.

One more fun thing: I have a “transom wall” between my bedroom and my living room. The top of the wall is open to the ceiling about two feet, and around the corner into the galley kitchen. It’s a really cool architectural feature, and the moment I saw it, I knew: I had to LED light strip the thing.

But I also wanted – wait for it – full color. Oh yes… I have it. I opted for one of the pricier items in my ecosystem, but it’s totes worth it in my book: The Osram Lightify Flex RGBW LED strip.

These are actually four linkable, flexible segments and a long (but not long enough for me) power cord and AC adapter that is controllable by Osram’s pretty decent Lightify App. They adhered perfectly, and I was able to make a 90 degree turn at the corner with only about a half-inch of “slightly sticking-up” strip, as you can’t do hard angles with the strip. But that high up, it’s invisible, so if you’re going around the top of a cabinet or something, rest easy: it’ll work. My issue was hiding the power cord, which I wanted to run down the inside corner of the wall’s corner. I bought an extension cord on Amazon (5-pin for this system, not 4; they’re different) and it all works beautifully.

Because I was so impressed with the Osram Lightify system, I actually got two Lightify LED bulbs as well, and those are in the living room. Now, Osram Lightify has its own hub (which is calls a Bridge) to make all these work, but you don’t need that if you have a Wink Hub, like I do. (I made the mistake of buying the bridge unnecessarily, so that’ll get eBayed at some point.)

Each Osram element is independently-named and individually-controllable. Very impressive. Again, easy as pie to pair with the Wink Hub.

At this point, Alexa is able to respond to commands for each element:

  • Kitchen (dimmable halogen fixtures)
  • Living Room 1 and Living Room 2, grouped together as Living Room (dimmable LED bulbs)
  • Bed and Nightstand, grouped together as Bedroom (dimmable LED bulb and LED strip)
  • Main (dimmable, color-changing LED strip that’s so bright at full power it lights up the whole apartment)
  • Air Filter (on/off switch powering an otherwise-“dumb” device)

Oh, but we’re so not done yet.

I added door sensors from GoControl, one for the front door, and one for the “barn door” into my bedroom. (I also got a motion sensor but thus far it’s sort of redundant with the front door sensor so I have it deactivated for now.)

These puppies are lightweight, battery-controlled sensors with magnetic switches, so when you open the door, the switch closes, activating the battery and sending the open-or-closed code to the Wink Hub. (Again, these were very easy to pair if you follow the directions. I did not the first time, so I had to un-pair them, which was quite a bit more complicated, but if you’re not impetuous like I can be, you’ll be fine.)

Why add these? For example, if I open the front door after 4:30 PM, my kitchen and living room light up to 100%. If the bedroom door opens between 1 AM and  5 AM, the kitchen dims on to 10% brightness, just enough to make sure I don’t stumble around on the way to the bathroom. If the front door opens when I’m not home, my Android phone is notified instantly. Cool stuff, right? All able to be set up in the Wink App using what it calls “Robots,” or recipes – much like those of IFTTT, which you MUST look into if you do any home automation or have a smart phone of any kind – which give conditional control over most   functions.

In addition to IFTTT, which is a must-have for a few things, like I’m about to show you, I also use an app called Yonomi, which creates virtual devices in your home automation ecosystem and allows you to program “routines,” or complex recipes, which can even include other preexisting recipes, to further automate functions.  I’ll explain more about this in a second, because my favorite recipe involves this next bit.

I was able to solve one of my all-time pet peeves by adding one more device. All of the control mechanisms we’ve discussed so far operate on wireless (RF frequency) control. But what about your TV? Your Stereo? The Lasko tower fan I have in the corner? These all operate on IR, or infrared, and there has been a notorious gap between RF and IR transmittability for a long time. Until, enter, stage left: The Harmony Hub.

The Harmony is an “IR blaster,” which sends infrared signals bouncing all over your room, allowing those command signals to catch basically anything within even out-of-line-of-sight range. (It also has two wired repeaters you can add to get around tough corners and work within entertainment center cabinetry.)

If you’re not familiar with the Harmony family of products, Logitech has created a remote control product line that issues both direct commands to devices (like pressing the “on” button on your remote), but also series of commands called “activities” (like pressing the “on” button but it sends two different “on” signals, one to your TV, and one to your PlayStation). This same phenomenon works with the Harmony Hub. The programming is pretty straightforward, but works best when you have exact makes and models of your devices, so consider taking a snapshot of the make and model number label from the back of your devices, like your television and stereo receiver and such, before you begin. It’ll save you some crawling around and craning around to the back of your set. This is accomplished through the Harmony  App, which will program (and update if necessary) your Hub. Yes, this means you have multiple hubs in your ecosystem, now. In mine, Alexa is a (weak) hub, Wink is the main hub, and Harmony is the IR-specific hub. This is why I say Alexa is the heart: Her voice and ears feel what I want from my commands, and then hands off to the Wink in nearly every case. That’s why I think the Wink Hub is really the brains of my ecosystem. The Harmony Hub only does one thing, so it’s like a  specialized region of the brain, and even it needs IFTTT to work properly.

Through IFTTT, I add a recipe that tells Alexa to respond to the trigger word “television” and send the on/off command to my Philips television, through my Harmony Hub. When I say out loud, “Alexa, trigger television,” she will respond, “Sending that to IFTTT,” and my television clicks on. Because I have a Harmony activity programmed in to my Harmony account called “MacBook,” I can also say, “Alexa, trigger MacBook.” She responds, “Sending that to IFTTT,” and my television and stereo receiver all turn on, and set themselves to the proper inputs for my MacBook dock. (I use the Henge dock, which is absolutely genius quality stuff. I recommend and use no other.)

Now for the grand finale. I have a Yonomi routine called “Bedtime.” This routine activates the shutdown procedure for my entire entertainment center through my Harmony Hub, turns off the Living Room and Kitchen and Main lights,   and dims on the Nightstand and Bed lights to 40%. So let’s say I’m in the living room, everything is turned on, and I’m tired and want to go to bed. I say, “Alexa, turn on Bedtime.” (Remember Yonomi creates virtual devices, so “turn on” is the proper command to activate a Yonomi routine.)

Alexa says, “Okay,” and all of that happens  instantly. No going from light to light to shut them off, no pressing all the right remotes to turn things off, no turning on the bedroom to make sure a light is on then go back to turn off the lights I no longer need… it’s all just done! I can crawl into bed, close my bedroom barn door, and be assured that if I need to pee at 2 AM, I’ll have a little light to help guide me along.

The ecosystem is really working for me. I like being able to say “Alexa, Living Room 50%, please,” and be able to continue typing or watching my movie or adventuring in Second Life without having to stop and get up to turn the dimmers down because the sun has set. I enjoy that if I forget to turn off something, I don’t have to uncurl from bed. I love that if I think of something while I’m snuggled up with my pillows that I need to remember tomorrow, I can call out, “Alexa, remind me to do XYZ tomorrow morning,” and she just does it. The Echo’s “far field voice recognition” has worked flawlessly for me. Without shouting, I can issue commands from the next room and be responded to ideally.

There are a few big things missing for me: I want to be able to control my blinds. I tried the  EzWand package, which works great on lightweight blinds, but I have a 96″ x 48″ set of metal blinds in my apartment, and the little motor wasn’t strong enough by far. Consequently, I need to probably replace the entire set of blinds with something else. There are many options, but they’re pricy, so unless somebody wants to let me demo and review them, I’m up a creek for now. That would be huge for me, because I’m forever regretting not closing them after the sun comes up. The other things I’m missing is having Alexa voice-respond as I want her to, confirming various functions or reporting things to me on demand. I’d like upon coming home to add triggering Alexa’s “flash briefing” report, which gives me the news and information of the day. I’d like to have the weather reported to me when I open the barn door in the morning on a weekday. I’d also like (call me silly) a “welcome home” message. I live by myself, and it’d be fun and nice to have a hello from Alexa, or even allow her to have basic conversations.

One thought would be something like:

  • “Welcome home, KDR.”
  • “Thanks, Alexa.” (She remains awake to  accept the voice response to my next exchange.)
  • “How was your day?”
  • “Not good, Alexa. I’m feeling run down.”
  • “I’m sorry. Your Seven-Minute Workout should help. Drink some water and let’s get your endorphins going.”
  • “Good idea. Alexa, start my Seven-Minute Workout.”

I mean, it may sound silly, but some basic call-response feedback would be a nice touch to an already powerful system.

That said, the major home-control stuff is really helpful and I’m enjoying the convenience a great deal. I expect in addition to things like my fan and air filter, I’ll be expanding to include thermostat next. Alexa works with the Nest and Honeywell HVAC controllers, and I foresee that being a money-saver in the long term, to adjust my A/C and heat based on where I am, certain conditions, my voice commands, and more.

If you have any questions, hit me up, and I’ll gladly answer!

A Privilege to Serve, a Legacy Remembered

The end of the school year is always hectic, but I was privileged a few days ago to be entrusted by my colleagues in the Virginia Society of Technology Education as I was elected Chairperson for the coming term of the Board of Directors. I follow Becky Fisher, one of the most accomplished educational technology leaders in the Commonwealth and a great friend, and I aspire to the leadership examples she and her predecessor and another of the most accomplished ed tech leaders and another great friend, Dr. Barb Gruber, set when I first joined the Executive Committee under her leadership. Continuing to work along side Dr. Karen Richardson, the Executive Director, will be a genuine joy and a great reward.

Sadly, no opportunity to work for Virginia will undo the loss our organization, our profession, and our hearts felt this week when we learned of the tragic and sudden passing of our beloved friend Robert Matthew “Matt” Poole, known to my fellow Second Life residents as Cyrus Hush. Matt was a jovial, brilliant, talented teacher leader with a zeal for educational technology and a tremendous heart. Losing him is a great loss for us all, and he will be fondly missed and oft-remembered, as the mounting memorials in both worlds exemplify. I speak for all of us, I am sure, when I extend my sympathy to his family and loved ones, and join arms in embrace with my fellow virtual denizens who cared for him a great deal.

I will aspire in everything I do to work by the examples you set, Matt.

Praxis in Practice: CHARMing Assessment

If you didn’t reach this post through the video, you might want to start with my first Challenge video, which leads into this conversation!

Meaningful evaluation of skill mastery is best achieved through  continuous,  harmless assessment of  relevant  mastery.


Testing kids is stupid. It’s not an effective way to truly understand what they know and how they can apply it. Beyond the form factor (multiple choice and fill in the blank responses are silly ways to truly understand a person) and the modality (people who organize information in certain ways will do better on such a test simply for that reason, and therefore discriminates against those who don’t), it’s also a single point of reference that doesn’t provide  meaningful, comprehensive data about growth as well as  mastery. In order to truly assess  skill mastery, we have to constantly assess it in a variety of ways.


Too often we forget that the purpose of assessment is to understand our kids and their skill mastery. Assessment is not about accountability, responsibility, or compliance. None of those things are content area standards, and therefore not only should not but I dare say rationally and ethically cannot be included in any kind of assessment. High-stakes and pressure-oriented tests can in and of themselves be psychoemotionally traumatic to the developing child mind. Additionally, those who manage their information and time differently than other students may be at various stages of skill mastery development at any given time. Imposing a punitive timeline on skill mastery is foolish. Assessment is not an analog to what is too often callously termed “the real world.” This is teaching and learning, not a factory. We don’t fire kids for not doing what other kids do at certain times of the day, week, or year. Behaving that way is harmful to children, and therefore inappropriate in education.


When studying composition with Dana Wilson at Ithaca College in the late 90s, I wrote a duet for Saxophone and Snare Drum called  Kölcsönhatások, the Hungarian word for “interactions” or “interrelations.”  The ways  in which an individual connects ideas, patterns, information, thoughts, and experiences are unique and sometimes unpredictable. Consequently, every individual will create meaning and relevance in the course of learning in an entirely unique way. This means that we cannot assume how our students understand and can apply a concept or skill, nor can we preconceive all of the methods they may use to do so. This has significant ramifications for the scaffolding we provide for the assessment.


The only assessment that matters is skill mastery. Ancillary and unrelated elements like “promptness” ought to be removed from the conversation entirely. This is one of Rick Wormeli’s cornerstones, and one I was slow to adopt but now champion: students must be able to fail, and fail, and fail, without being punished for it. Failures and zeros, points off for lateness and noncompliance, these are all silly distractions from the essential collaborative process of understanding a student and how that student understands and can apply concepts and skills in a relevant, authentic way.  Fans of standards-based assessment will certainly understand this point: Grading homework as late does absolutely nothing to understand a student’s skill mastery, and is therefore not only unnecessary, but I believe is an improper distraction and may go so far as to say is unethical, as it introduces mechanisms of coercion, control, and compliance where they simply do not belong. It is not our job to create a certain kind of person or ensure students behave in a certain, normative kind of way. There are plenty of people in our diverse society, and there are many, many ways of being. We all have successful tardy friends and prompt friends that are kind of a mess, and certainly every  kind in between. We need to stop injecting personal, adult ideas of who students should be into our work with them.


I believe that the only assessments we can give that account for all four of these “CHARM” elements is omnimodal assessment: Allowing any demonstration method or mechanism that works. In  Insurrection: A Teacher Revolution in Defense of Children, I outline that I do understand this involves quite a bit of work for teachers, designing rubrics and assessment scaffolding and framework that allows such a variable and unpredictable intake of skill mastery demonstrations, but I believe the time and effort can be more than offset by not loading the year with “throttle points” of testing dates, as well as eliminating a great deal of the “work” we have kids do. We’re obsessed with productivity in this country, and a productivity mindset – make more, do more, show more – lends itself to lowering quality, deep, significant explorations of ideas and understandings. This is not to say that we don’t want our kids practicing their skills; to the contrary, we do, but we cannot presuppose how much practice any given kid may or may not need to develop mastery, and certainly having a kid beat a dead horse is as useless for that kid as it is for you. Why grade things neither of you need graded?

Instead of a traditional framework of percentages like this…

  • Tests 30%
  • Quizzes 20%
  • Homework 20%
  • Projects 20%
  • Classwork 10%

…consider a revolutionized CHARM-based omnimodal framework like this…

  • Skill Mastery Demonstration 100%
    • Standard 1 20%
    • Standard 2 20%
    • Standard 3 20%
    • Standard 4 20%
    • Standard 5 20%
  • Formative Assessments (Quizzes) 0%
  • Practice (Homework) 0%
  • Classwork & Collaboration 0%

Notice that I’m not saying “don’t use quizzes to check in with your kids  formatively” or “homework has no use as practice.” I’m just saying don’t grade them. Numbers are terrible reflections of the comprehensive understandings of how kids learn and what they know and can do, but if your district or school requires them in the gradebook, so be it. Just don’t count them for anything. Give them a weight of “zero,” and stick to the only thing that matters: skill mastery.

We will evaluate and respond to anything a kid does, but the only things that “count” are their authentic, relevant skill masteries within the standards we are charged to instruct. If we do this, their summative post-tests that the state imposed upon them will take care of themselves.

In omnimodality, we need to create rubrics that are comprehensive enough to take any form of skill mastery  and yet flexible enough so as not to exclude any form of skill mastery. Consequently, instead of talking about the features of a project as we do in many rubrics, instead create a framework around the standards and skills within the intended scope of learning.

Here are two previous videos of mine that might help if you’re struggling   with this idea:

Teach for mastery, and assess for mastery, free of preconceptions about how your students may truly, deeply understand and apply.

Be a Revolutionary Today, as well as Tomorrow

Don’t have the book yet? Get yours now! Visit and snag your copy and join the revolution!

Insurrection is a big book about big change, and that unintentionally intimidates, scares, or dissuades some people from believing my ideas and work translate to immediate classroom application. I owe you explicit elucidation when I say that if you read it through, and get it, you can hit the ground running today with revolutionized ideas.

Let’s take assessment as an example.

We complain a lot about grading, both the amount of grading we have to do and the way we have to report grading. So what does the Insurrection-ist (or the Seditionist if you’re a fan of the videos I do with Rob Furman, or whatever other revolutionary badge of honor you prefer) do to make that better?

Stop grading things that aren’t ready to be graded.

When you give an assignment, it should be designed in a way that, no matter how big or small, your individual students are showing you what they really understand and can do with the unique knowledge and understanding they’ve developed. A multiple-choice quiz doesn’t do that, because it shows no significant comprehension or deep critical thinking about the subject, and show can’t really tell you anything other than a superficial snapshot.

Why bother with superficial fluff? Dump the quiz. Dump the multiple choice test. Throw ‘em out. Don’t waste time with Scantrons and that factory-model nonsense. (It’s literally a machine-grader. How much more industrial can you get?) Instead, offer students a genuine opportunity to show unique, individual skill mastery.

“But wait,” you might be saying, “I use multiple-choice or fill-in-the-blank quizzes and such because they’re quick and easy. I thought you said you were going to lessen my work load?”

Even if you did use that method, just let kids opt out if they’re not ready to demonstrate mastery. We’ve all done this: “Did you do your homework?” “Yeah!” “Did you really?” “Well, no…” “So are you going to do well on the test today?” “Well, no…”

Why bother putting the kid through that, and while we’re at it, why bother grading it? If you both know it’s not a good evaluation, don’t grade it. In fact, by moving to an entirely voluntary, entirely un-coerced “hand it in when it’s ready” system of evaluation, you’ll be stunned by the amount of time you’ll save from having to chug through substandard materials.

What do you do with the kids who aren’t ready to hand anything in yet? Well, there are several options. The instinct of the traditionalist will be to give that kid a zero, because no skill mastery was demonstrated. While this may make strict mathematical sense, for me, I’m more interested in no grade at all: Why penalize a kid when we don’t really know what the situation is yet? There are a few variations on this theme that come to mind for me. One that stood out as I drove here was the idea of saying “these assignments and assessments need to be turned in by the end of this quarter,” and doing that for each quarter. At the end of quarter one, missing assignments go unpenalized: you evaluate what’s handed in, and the grade is calculated exclusively on those grades, with the other assignments being unweighted and unpenalized. At the end of quarter two, that “placeholder” grade becomes a 75%: you have a baseline in your score, but your being “behind” is starting to creep in, as an incentive to ensure that the prerequisite skill mastery items are being addressed. A kid has a lot of latitude here to still get a great grade, but has the flexibility not to freak out about things yet. Next quarter, 50, next quarter 25, and finally at the end, no skill mastery yields no credit.

Personally, I wouldn’t use this system, as I don’t believe in penalizing students for time-based phenomena: The only truly required mastery level benchmarks are, usually, at the End of Course (EOC), or in some jurisdictions or for some classes, at the Semester. For me, I say no penalty for having a brain that procrastinates and does everything at the last minute. That is a legitimate form of time management. There are innumerable articles floating around the literature right now saying that some procrastinators are brilliant, have a ton of skill mastery, and are fully capable in ways their more incremental classmates might not be.

Is it our right, is it our place, to punish certain kind of thinkers? I maintain that it is not, and if you’ve read Insurrection, you know this is one of the center-most themes and core pillars of my revolutionary proposal. (If you haven’t read Insurrection, but you agree that nobody’s thinking style is innately “better” or “worse” than another, you should definitely pick it up and power through to the midway point, where these themes really start to pick up!)

However, while it might not be my personal cup of tea, do I think that a teacher who implements such an incremental system is doing far, far better than those who aren’t?

Yes, I do.

Not only that, but I believe you could (if you were so inclined) cite some significant research to back up your position that there may indeed be justification for building such time management scaffolding into your curriculum and assessment methods, because the vast majority of students regardless of thinking style, aptitude, individual preference, or future plans, will be living in America after they graduate, and in America, there is a case to be made that executive function skills necessary in many segments of our society may benefit from such scaffolding. (See, I can be on your team on this!)

Do I want you to understand the etiology of the socioeconomic and psychosocial structural violence that has coopted our schools for two centuries? Yes, I do. But I also want you to help your individual kids, right now, and Insurrection will equip you not only with future-proof pedagogy, philosophy, and history, but with core principles that you can use right now in your classroom.

I’m going to continue to try to outline these Praxis in Practice skills throughout 2016, as I did in the latter half of 2015, as I genuinely believe that the real revolutionaries are already among us, the teachers “on the ground,” doing the work in our classrooms, for each one of our kids. I believe in you, and I’m here to help.

My Freire Moment Today

“The story emphasizes on the mechanically quantitative comprehension of knowledge, which is absurd. The girl could have asked, ‘Teacher: look how many envelopes of knowledge you have deposited in me today.’ This understanding of the act of teaching – and that’s why he says with humor – that what somebody can learn with Paulo Freire is exactly the opposite of this. I am the antagonic pedagogy. I am the antagonic epistemology. I am the opposite ethic. I am nothing of that because I am the antagonism of that. And I insist, I don’t like discourses. I am not a ‘good boy.’ I try to be a good person, but ‘good boy,’ God forbids. If somebody wants to hurt me, call me ‘good boy.’ I am an educated person, very educated, polite, disciplined, courteous, that I am indeed, and even more, I try to be even more respectful, but ‘good boy?’ For God’s sake, no. So I am antagonistic to all this. I am the contrary, the opposite of all this.”

– Paulo Freire, discussing education with Seymour Papert

Rock on, Paulo. Rock directly on.

Sex and Gender… Re-Unified? Fascinating Take from Lane Silas

My friend Jeannie linked me to a terrific blog post by Lane Silas called “Sex and Gender Are Actually the Same Thing (But Bear With Me…)” What a kick-in-the-pants title! I tore in, fresh off of Julia Serano’s “Excluded: Making  Feminist and Queer Movements More Inclusive,” so I was fired up from the start, super-excited to engage on this topic.

Here’s a link to Lane’s original post. You really owe it to yourself to read it!

Sex And Gender Are Actually The Same Thing (but bear with me…)

Also, I have to spoiler one of the best paragraphs in the whole thing, because I shouted a more-colorful version of “HECK YEAH!” out loud when I read it:  “It’s almost as if the gender/sex binary was invented by people who then manufactured artificial qualifiers to reinforce it, which then became woven into our study of biology, medicine and psychology. Huh. Weird.” – Lane Silas

“HECK YEAH!” ^_^

That said, I admit that I was initially alarmed at the big “NOPE” on the splash graphic, the Genderbread person, which I like. As a [ insert appropriate descriptor for me here ] person who experiences gender as a continuum, and as a person who has had the fortune to get to know of every rainbow stripe – trans*, genderqueer, nonbinary, etc – I like the disengagement of one element of gender from another, making them independent of (among other things) brutal social categorization.

I was thrilled to have that at least partially debunked with the explicit statement early on in Lane’s piece that this was not an “essentialist rant.” Thank goodness!

My first re-raising of my alarm flag, though, came immediately thereafter: I don’t think that the disengagement of sex and gender as (co)dependent aspects is “pro-trans.” Indeed (here comes a neologism for the ages), that strikes me as transcentric. (O, Irony!) The separation of sex assignment, biology, expression, identification, attraction, and the other elements of the multiple continuua that comprise what we all experience, variously, as gender is an effort to understand the individual. At least insofar as I as a person who cares about gender, sexuality, and sociopolitical empowerment am concerned, I’m not sure I am   on the bus that separating the two reinforces anything static. Indeed, I think discussing all aspects of gender as variables promotes fluidity. I’m a little unsettled   by the idea that fusing them back together into dependent elements would be less static, not more.

I suppose it’s because I already reject, out of hand, the idea of “immutable biological sex” as a fallacy to begin with, which I suppose is the same position that Lane takes. They seem to have a very clear understanding of the sociopolitical power problem created by cis privilege and the nightmare of what Vidal called the “ghettoization” of people into preconception camps, but I still take issue that multiple variables on a continuum could be static. One’s ignorant interpretation of those certainly could be, but isn’t that back to the core problem of cis privilege?

I completely agree that the concept of sex is a societal construct. I get the point being made and it resonates with me and I agree with it. I don’t want to sound contrarian: I really do think Lane is on to something. I mean, one in two thousand births is genitally atypical. Clearly the fact that anybody thinks there are “two and only two” versions of human genitalia shows that society has whitewashed over the complicated and I daresay (to reinforce my point!) continuum nature of all aspects of humanity. There are innumerable variations on human genetics and the expression (pardon the pun) of those genetics, and I take no issue whatsoever with calling the fallacious categorization of any aspect of humanity into “two bins” as “societally constructed.” It certainly is, and Lane is totally right about this, I think self-evidently so.

I also like that they call out “gender identity” as a “nicey nicey” form of invalidation. “I’m a woman” should stand of its own accord, and trying to in any way shade that by saying “you IDENTIFY as a woman” is an insult and an alienating form of verbal violence that has no place.

Lane cites the idea of sex assignment as “unchanging objective fact” as tremendously harmful. I completely agree, again, with this spot-on assessment. But is that not all the more reason why the promotion of fluid thinking as opposed to concrete thinking is preferable? Lane writes, “The concept [of] biological sex reinforces the homophobia and pathologization that are integral to upholding institutional transphobia and transmisogyny.” I could tattoo this on my ribcage it’s so true. It’s why I think the more elements of the human condition we can individualize, within the reasonable scope of using language to describe things as related at all, is important.

So I guess what I’m left with is, if we are going to refer to sex and gender as identical points of language reference, are we not also saying – we must say, yes? – that this is a multi-dimensional fluid continuum?

My  fear is that in fusing these ideas entirely we might   lose the variability, nuance, gradient, interstitial elements of any individual’s identity in the process. I understand the need and the desire here to combat transphobia and transmisogyny, but I’m always oriented to more gray, not less gray. I don’t think Lane is promoting anything binary; to the contrary it’s clear they desire precisely the opposite. I just have to do some serious thinking about the language part. Conceptually, I’m there: We must actively, vehemently combat the damnable and inaccurate social and political constructs around sex that are used as weapons against non-binary people, and must actively eradicate the binary-reinforcing  elements of language, psychology, and society.

I’m so on that bus!

This is a truly inspiring an thought-provoking post that I’m going to have to re-read many times to digest, but one thing is for damn sure: I’ve got a new blog to which to subscribe!

I’m also really looking forward to discussing this further with my trans* and non-binary friends, so if that’s you, hit me up!

From My Cold, Dead Thumbs

Please stop telling me that I am “too connected” to my devices. It is my sovereign right, as a free person, to learn, organize myself, process information, and experience the world as I choose, so long as I do not infringe upon your right to do the same. I have every right to supplement my naturally-lacking memory with a digital device that helps me remember things. I have every right to supplement my naturally-lacking sense of date and time with a digital device that provides this information on-demand. I have every  right to gain instant access to answers and information as I live my life even if you would prefer that I have those answers and that information available off the top of my head. I will live my life, and you may live yours.

I’d also love it if you’d stop telling children the same thing.

Prescriptions for “kids” as a bloc, as if they are all the same, nauseates me. The inherent oppression of categorizing all children as the same is repugnant to my sense of individualism, and is wholly incompatible with any thoughtful form of pedagogy.

Very few of the studies I’ve read on the subject of screen time, as one example, control for two major variables: the individual child’s thinking and learning modalities, and the content of the activity in question. I’ve seen pro and con on both sides published in respectable places, and think we must be very cautious as professional educators – especially those of us in educational technology – in making overgeneralized statements like “too much screen time is bad for kids” or “kids are too reliant on their devices.” In fact, some of the decent studies I’ve read on the subject that do control for content have found significant benefits to kids in the study, but not even that means it’s suddenly okay to say “X is true for all kids.”

There  are few things that are universally anything for all kids. Oxygen is pretty important… we’ve got some good data on that… Food and water, shelter and security, a sense of belonging and inclusion… things like that, we can probably safely generalize, because those are essential aspects of, yanno, living…

But you won’t find “the ability to recall names and dates off the top of one’s head” on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

I’m not “too” reliant on my device. I do rely upon it, though, and I have every right to do so. Why is a child any different? I contend that attitudes that reduce children to lesser people or grant them fewer rights are inherently unloving and therefore anti-child attitudes. I also contend that the suggestion that just because a child is at an earlier developmental stage – intellectually, morally (vis-a-vis Kohlberg), or otherwise, as may be the case – that that child does not have enough knowledge of self to make decisions for self is also inherently misguided and inappropriate. In short, we must not require kids to learn, organize, and live as we do or as we would have them do, but instead must empower them to make decisions for themselves to be their best authentic selves.

Sure, there are basic social norms that our particular society does strongly prefer and expect: Don’t hit people, for example. But our society is not diminished by a kid using a smartphone to look up a date while learning about history. That child is not necessarily damaged or inherently disserviced by doing so. It is not hyperbolic to say that many teachers I know believe they must mandate conformity to an artificial and outmoded social norm of sitting up straight in a desk-chair, looking up, taking notes with a writing implement on paper, and giving other outward appearances of some idea of “paying attention.”

That act may very well be exactly the opposite of what that child needs, and we have a responsibility to respect, empower, and meet the needs of our individual learners.

That starts with not telling people what they should and should not do with their technology. It’s not your place to tell me how to  access, navigate, search for, and organize   information. It’s not our place to tell children how to do so, either.

Without constantly-connected digital technology, I would be largely lost as a person. I would have to re-invent new systems of learning and organizing to overcome such a loss. The idea that this makes me “weak” or “vulnerable” is absurd to me. It seems to presuppose   some kind of apocalypse… “Well, what if your battery dies?” Yeah, I figured out a long time ago I needed spare batteries, and I charge regularly. “Well, what if you forget it?” Then I go back and get it. People forget things sometimes. That’s part of the reason I need my devices. I also got a Tile and can GPS-track my devices if I misplace   them. “Well, what if you can’t find the thing you’re looking for quickly?” Then I need more time. Sometimes people need to give other people a little latitude. These are not reasons to deny me my right to organize my life as I choose. These are just things that happen in life. I could say basically the same thing about other non-digital tools, couldn’t I?

Let’s get over, as thinking people, the idea that everyone has to be the same. Sameness is not intrinsically desirable in the human condition, so I find. (And man, I was a marching band teacher, so trust me; I find some kinds of uniformity, especially artistic, to be valuable, but that doesn’t make me a homogenizing categorizer!)

You do you, and I’ll do me, m’kay?

Teaching and assessment that is fundamentally compromised by a student using a personal electronic device in a way that does not compromise the learning or assessment of others raises my concern level to astronomical heights.

Teaching does not require micromanagement of personal learning behaviors. Indeed, that philosophical and pedagogical shift is at the heart of the Insurrectionist’s individualized teaching.

My devices are mine, as is my use of them, and I’ll thank you to stop telling me I shouldn’t live my life as I choose, ’cause I’m certainly not going to tell you you shouldn’t live yours as you choose!